In a report on state-wise and item-wise value of output from agriculture, forestry and fishing year: 2011-12 to 2019-20, the ministry said that agriculture, forestry and fishing accounted for 18.3% of the gross value added (GVA) at current basic prices in 2019-20 from 18.5% in FY12 but the share of this sector in overall GVA of the country is showing a “fluctuating trend over the years”.
It was 17.6% in FY19 and 18.6 % in FY14.
“‘Cereals’ and ‘fruits and vegetables’ (two largest groups of crops) together accounted for more than 52% of sector in 2011-12, and increased to 55% in 2019-20,” the ministry said.
The gross value output (GVO) of cereals, at Rs 336.4 thousand crore, was highest among all the crop-groups in 2011-12. However, in 2019-20, GVO of ‘fruits and vegetables’ was Rs 383.3 thousand crore, about Rs 6,000 crore higher than that of cereals, according to the report.
Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest output of cereals in all the years, although its share in all India output has marginally decreased from 18.6% in 2011-12 to 18.5% in 2019-20. The share of Madhya Pradesh has gone up considerably from 6.2% in 2011-12 to 10.0% in 2019-20, it said.
India ranks second worldwide in arable land (156.07 million hectares), third in production of cereals; second in groundnut, fruits, vegetables, sugarcane, tea; and first in jute.
“Worldwide as of 2019, the country had the largest herds of buffaloes, goats; and ranked second in cattle, sheep; and seventh in chicken population,” the ministry said, adding that it is the largest producer of milk; third in production of eggs and fifth in production of meat.
Kapas accounted for nearly 95% of output of ‘fibre’ crops. During this period, the output of kapas was lowest in 2018-19 at Rs 59,000 crore.
During this period, the output of milk, meat and eggs, and fishing and aqua culture also increased.